Goat farming is one of the most profitable branch of animal husbandry. From the ancient period itself, goats are raised predominantly for producing meat, milk, skin and fiber. They require very low investment and can be farmed simultaneously with other livestock such as cattle and sheep. Production wise, India stands at the top place of milk production with nearly 4 million tons of milk per year, where as China tops the meat production table with 1.83 million tons per annum.
Starting the business
Choosing the area
- Goat farming mainly depends on the availability of pasture. As much as the grass, so much healthy goats you will get. Hence it is advised to choose the area nearer to the grass fields.
- To avoid the excess transportation charges the land should not be too far away from the town or city. Also make sure to get veterinary services quickly when needed.
Building the farm
- As the goats are small in size they require less space to maintain. If you are looking for more profits, you can raise them with other animal husbandry like cattle or sheep.
- But to get good quality goats and preventing diseases, a separate farm is advised by the experts.
- The farm should have necessary equipments with good water facilities. It also should have enough air and light inside the house.
Selecting the breeds
- Different varieties are available in the market for wool, milk and meat. The selection entirely depends on which you are concentrating. Profits and productivity may also vary according to the breed type.
- The common varieties include Cashmere goats, Dwarf Nigerian goats, Black Bengal goats, Pigmy goats etc.
- The entire production depends on this section. Goats are primarily dependent on grass, shrubs, weeds etc.
- For generating more healthy goats sufficient mineral food must be given. Especially salt, calcium and phosphorous mixtures are very much essential for meaty goats.
- Goats are sensitive and may affect to certain viral and bacterial diseases like goat pox, anthrax, foot and mouth diseases etc.
- So proper vaccination is required for goats at different ages. Contact the farming experts to know when and how to give the vaccination.
- Some goats are raised for both milk and meat while some are raised for skin and fiber. So the yield completely depends up on which type of breed you are using.
- Approximately a meat goat gives 30 to 36 kg of meat while a milk goat generates 2 to 3 liters of milk each day.
Health benefits of milk, meat
Goats are raised mainly for milk and meat which are very healthy for humans. In India it is usually called as mini cow. Such is the benefits we get from a goat. So lets check out what are the main pros and cons of goat milk and meat.
- Goat milk is very rare to find outside but it is more beneficial than cow milk, says some experts. As it is rich in vitamin A, calcium, fatty acids and low in cholesterol it is easy to digest, less allergic, good for skin protection, ensures heart health and strengthens the bones.
- Coming to cons goat milk is expensive and its smell is very odd to taste.
- Goat meat has rich proteins and vitamins which are responsible for good functioning of heart, strengthening of bones, well blood circulation, preventing kidney diseases and reducing body weight.
- People suffering with gout are advised to stay away as it increases the affect. Apart from that, goat meat may result in high cholesterol levels and can cause allergy in some people.